Labor law is a specific part of law and forms an integral part of social law. Employment law is about the relationship between an employer and an employee. An employer-employee relationship exists when someone through a contract of employment commits himself personally to work under the authority of the employer. This is of course in exchange for wages.
This right is also needed to protect the rights of the employee against the dominant position of the employer. For example, labor law requires employers to pay their employees a minimum wage and to give them occasional vacation. Labor law is also very important when terminating the employment contract.